Saturday, July 25, 2009

TODAY'S FLOWERS - Star of India

TODAY'S FLOWERS - Clematis - Star of India (Group 3)

Flowers from around the world can be viewed here:

Rich, red and mauve flowers appear in midsummer on this late-flowering clematis.
Like all clematis it is ideal for covering a trellis or climbing through a neighbouring tree.
This clematis likes full sun but with its roots in the shade.
Garden care:
Cut back stems to a pair of strong buds 15-20cm (6-8in) above ground level before growth begins in early spring.
Mulch in late winter with garden compost or well-rotted manure but avoid the immediate crown.

Star of India (Gruppe 3) violett mit rötlichen Streifen,
Blütezeit: Juli-September, Blütengröße: 8-12cm
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Thursday, July 23, 2009

Purple Loosestrife - Gewöhnliche Blutweiderich Lythrum salicaria - beautiful but invasive

Purple Loosestrife is making a comeback in our parks and along the shoreline of Lake Ontario.

The purple loosestrife has been introduced into temperate New Zealand and North America where it is now widely naturalized and officially listed in some controlling agents.
Infestations result in dramatic disruption in water flow in rivers and canals, and a sharp decline in biological diversity as native food and cover plant species, notably cattails, are completely crowded out, and the life cycles of organisms from waterfowl to amphibians to algae are affected. A single plant may produce up to three million tiny seeds annually.
Easily carried by wind and water, the seeds germinate in moist soils after overwintering. The plant can also sprout anew from pieces of root left in the soil or water. Once established, loosestrife stands are difficult and costly to remove by mechanical and chemical means.
Plants marketed under the name "European wand loosestrife" (L. virgatum) are in fact the same species despite the different name. In some cases the plants sold are sterile, which is preferrable.
In North America, purple loosestrife may be distinguished from similar native plants (e.g. fireweed Epilobium angustifolium, blue vervain Verbena hastata, Liatris Liatris spp., and spiraea Spiraea douglasii) by its angular stalks which are square in outline, as well by it leaves, which are in pairs that alternate at right angle and are not serrated.
Der Gewöhnliche Blutweiderich (Lythrum salicaria) ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Weiderichgewächse (Lythraceae), die als Futterpflanze von den Raupen aus der Familie der Nachtpfauenaugen und als Nektarspender unter anderem von Tagschmetterlingen geschätzt wird. Sie wächst an feuchten Standorten.
In Nordamerika steht der Blutweiderich seit seiner Einführung durch den Menschen im 19. Jahrhundert in dem Ruf, ein lästiges „Unkraut“ zu sein. Einst als Heil- und attraktive Gartenpflanze eingeführt, breitete sich die Art rasch aus. In Gebieten, in denen Blutweiderich-Bestände expandieren, können sie die Fließgeschwindigkeit in Flüssen und Kanälen beeinträchtigen.

pictures by guild-rez and
source: wikipedia
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Tuesday, July 21, 2009

Cowbane - Wasserschierling - killer plants - giftige Pflanzen.. Cowbane or Angelica archangelica is the question??

Recently, I have noticed large water hemlock or cowbane plants on Manitoulin Island,
East Point Park, Glen Rouge Camping place and Rouge Park, Toronto.

The pictures below where taken today in our Rouge Park.

I am grateful to Wendy who walked with me to the location and
shared my interest and concern about this very poisonous plant close to the hiking path.
Please read the information below.

The water hemlock best known in North America is C. maculata, also known as cowbane, musquash root,
or beaver poison, which grows to about 2.5 metres (8 feet) tall. It has divided leaves and clusters of white flowers.
It grows in wet meadows, along streambanks and other wet and marshy areas.
The flowers are small, white and clustered in umbrella shaped inflorescences typical of the family.
An oily, yellow liquid oozes from cuts to the stems and roots.
This liquid has a rank smell resembling that of parsnips, carrots or mice.
The plant may be mistaken for parsnip due to its clusters of white tuberous roots.

The yellow resin contains cicutoxin, which disrupts the workings of the central nervous system.
In humans, cicutoxin rapidly produces symptoms of nausea, emesis and abdominal pain,
typically within 60 minutes of ingestion. This can lead to tremors and seizures.

A single bite of the root (which has the highest concentration of cicutoxin) can be sufficient to cause death.
In animals the toxic dose and the lethal dose are nearly the same.
One gram of water hemlock per kilogram of weight will kill a sheep and 230 grams is sufficient to kill a horse.
Due to the rapid onset of symptoms, treatment is usually unsuccessful.

Der ausdauernde und stark giftige Wasserschierling (Cicuta virosa) ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Doldenblütler (Apiaceae) und neben dem Gefleckten Schierling (Conium maculatum) und der Hundspetersilie (Aethusa cynapium) eines der giftigsten Doldengewächse.
Sämtliche Pflanzenbestandteile des Wasserschierling sind stark giftig,
insbesondere die durch Luftkammern schwimmfähigen Knollen.
Die Giftigkeit wird durch Polyine, insbesondere das Cicutoxin, verursacht.
Nach Verzehr bereits geringer Mengen kann der Tod infolge Atemlähmung eintreten.
Nach einem alten preußischen Gesetz sollte die Pflanze wegen ihrer Giftigkeit ausgerottet werden.

Source: Wikipedia and Britannica
pictures by guild-rez 7/2009
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Sunday, July 19, 2009

Happy Birthday Maxi - El Presidente II

Maxi -Maximus was born on July 20, 2001 on a farm in Salem, Ontario Canada.
Now residing in Guildwood and keeping Gisela busy.
Maxi wakes Gisela up at 6:00 in the morning with a gentle stroke on her nose.
After breakfast consisting of healthy kibbles and tuna Maxi disappears in his garden.
He joins us later on our porch and loves to watch birds as well as butterflies.
Hopefully, Maxi will be with us for many years to come.
Happy Birthday!!

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TODAY'S FLOWERS - Echinacea, Coneflower, Sonnenhüte

Flowers from around the world can be viewed here:

Echinacea is a genus of nine species of herbaceous plants in the family Asteraceae commonly called Coneflower. All are strictly native to eastern and central North America. The plants have large, showy heads of composite flowers, blooming from early to late summer. Some species are used in herbal medicines.

Die Sonnenhüte (Echinacea), auch Scheinsonnenhüte oder Igelköpfe genannt, sind eine Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Korbblütler (Asteraceae). Der botanische Gattungsname Echinacea ist vom lateinischen Wort echinus für Igel abgeleitet, siehe auch Seeigel (Echinoidea), und bezieht sich auf die gattungstypischen, die Röhrenblüten überragenden, auffälligen, stachelspitzigen Spreublätter. Alle Arten haben ihre Heimat nur im östlichen und zentralen Nordamerika.